Christian Refugees Question Regime's Claims
Defectors‚Äô descriptions add to evidence of strong but severely persecuted church.
DUBLIN, April 23 MPBS24/7 REPORT From(CDN) ‚ÄĒ Eom Myong-Heui of North Korea was a loyal communist in the Workers‚Äô Party of Korea before she became a Christian under the influence of her business partner ‚Äď a missionary who was later arrested and tortured into revealing that Eom was a believer.
Authorities placed Eom into a detention center in her hometown of Moosan and tortured her into denying her faith ‚Äď but her incarceration continued under appalling conditions. Officials eventually released her due to her previous national loyalty. Now an assistant pastor at a church in Seoul, South Korea after a harrowing escape from her home country, Eom relates a journey that is part of a growing body of evidence of a strong ‚Äď and severely persecuted ‚Äď church in North Korea.
‚ÄúA lot of people ask me if there really are people in North Korea who believe in Christ,‚ÄĚ she said. ‚ÄúDo you really think that the missionaries who were there and all the believers who meet underground are all dead?‚ÄĚ
Even as the North Korean government this month allowed two high-profile, U.S. Christian bands to perform at a music festival in Pyongyang, the fear of punishment authorities have instilled in North Korean Christians keeps most of them from publicly revealing their faith. As many as 400,000 Christians are estimated to worship secretly in the country, and Suzanne Scholte, head of an association of some 60 groups campaigning for change in the country called the North Korean Freedom Coalition (NKFC), estimates that more than 200,000 North Koreans are held in political prison camps for various perceived ‚Äúdisloyalties‚ÄĚ to the regime, including adherence to Christianity.
Christian support group Open Doors estimates that of the 200,000 people incarcerated in political prison camps, at least 40,000 are Christians. Under North Korea‚Äôs policy of juche, or self-reliance, citizens may worship only President Kim Jong Il and his late father, former ruler Kim Il Sung.
Jung Eun Hye, one of several North Korean refugees expected to speak about conditions in the country at events in Washington, D.C. next week, said that freedom of religion is stipulated in North Korea‚Äôs constitution, but that ‚ÄúChristians have to risk their lives to have a secret service away from the oppression of the government.‚ÄĚ
Jung, who faced severe persecution after authorities caught his father and aunt with Bibles in their possession, said he did not know that any churches existed in Pyongyang until he escaped from North Korea. While a handful of government churches do exist in the capital, Jung is one of many refugees who believe that these churches exist only to ‚Äúdeceive the outside world.‚ÄĚ
‚ÄúHere is my question,‚ÄĚ said Jung. ‚ÄúIf North Korea has freedom of religion, why does the government arrest, kill or imprison Christians in camps from which they never return?‚ÄĚ
Testimony from various sources confirms that the government actively seeks out Christian groups and meeting points and imprisons Christians solely because of their faith. The U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) last year reported refugees saying that Christianity remained a key factor in the interrogation of people repatriated from China to North Korea. Border guards reserved the harshest punishment for those who admitted having any contact with Chinese or South Korean Christians.
‚ÄúThere is no freedom of belief or religion,‚ÄĚ one refugee stated. ‚Äú[We are taught] that if one is involved in religion, one cannot survive.‚ÄĚ
Former police and security officers interviewed for USCIRF‚Äôs report admitted that their superiors had instructed them to play the role of Christians and infiltrate ‚Äúunderground‚ÄĚ prayer meetings in order to incriminate, arrest, imprison and sometimes execute believers in North Korea.
‚ÄėAbyss of Death‚Äô
A delegation of North Korean refugees recently described their experiences ahead of events on Capitol Hill from Sunday (April 26) through Saturday (May 2) as part of North Korea Freedom Week.
Kim Young Soon, a refugee who spent nine years in a prison camp, said North Korean ruler Kim ‚Äúis pushing the people into the abyss of death. In such a society, no one can trust anyone.‚ÄĚ
Authorities sent Kim Young Soon and her family to prison camp No. 15, otherwise known as Yodok, after she made a seemingly innocent comment about the regime.
‚ÄúEvery mountain and field in Yodok was covered with dead bodies because of malnutrition and hunger,‚ÄĚ Kim said. She described waking at 3:30 a.m. to run six kilometers (nearly four miles) to her assigned workplace and surviving on a diet of unripe, salted corn. Her parents and two of her sons died during their incarceration; border guards shot her third son when she fled with him to China shortly after their release.
Former prisoner Jung Gwangil said prison guards sadistically controlled inmates through collective punishment.
‚ÄúIf I did something wrong, all the members of the group I belonged to were punished,‚ÄĚ he said. ‚ÄúWhen guards withheld food or switched off heaters in the middle of winter, fellow prisoners would sometimes beat the responsible inmate to death.‚ÄĚ
Another former prisoner, Kim Tae Jin, described being left naked in a freezing cell and forced to sit on quicklime in the rain, resulting in severe burns to her skin.
‚ÄúEven now, there are people who cut their own fingers off to avoid hard labor, who disguise themselves as madmen, or who lose their arms from beatings because they believe in a God who supposedly doesn‚Äôt exist,‚ÄĚ she added.
While she was in prison, she said, a fellow inmate known only as Park formed a small ‚Äúfellowship‚ÄĚ of seven Christians. Prison guards eventually caught Park, beat him severely and asked him, ‚ÄúWho told you about the existence of God?‚ÄĚ
‚ÄúDo we have to be told about the existence of the sun to know that it‚Äôs there?‚ÄĚ Park replied. ‚ÄúWe learn its existence by feeling its warmth.‚ÄĚ
In such conditions, the journey to faith is perilous for North Koreans ‚Äď or nothing short of miraculous in the case of Eom, an assistant pastor at Seoul‚Äôs New Pyongyang Full Gospel Church (a fellowship for North Korean Defectors associated with Yoido Full Gospel Church).
She was extremely loyal to the regime until she made contact with a South Korean-Chinese Christian businessman.
‚ÄúIt‚Äôs very hard to live in North Korea, so if you don‚Äôt secretly do business, you can‚Äôt survive,‚ÄĚ Eom said in sharing her story with members of another large church in Seoul, South Korea. ‚ÄúSo for a few days I just kept being polite and agreeing with whatever he said about God, even though I knew he was wrong ‚Ä¶ but then God started to change my heart.‚ÄĚ
Eventually the missionary gave her a small New Testament.
‚ÄúI enjoyed it,‚ÄĚ she said. ‚ÄúThe teaching to love your enemy, give him food if he‚Äôs hungry, give him water if he‚Äôs thirsty. I also took to heart the words about loving each other.‚ÄĚ
Eom asked a superior why North Korea didn‚Äôt have a religion other than worship of the Kim family.
‚ÄúHis eyes got big and he told me that religion was poison,‚ÄĚ she said, ‚Äúand that if I tried to learn about Christianity I would automatically become a traitor.‚ÄĚ
As a teacher, Eom knew what happened to children of traitors and immediately began to worry about her two daughters. When police arrested the missionary and someone warned her that she could be next, Eom packed a small bag and assured her youngest daughter that she would return in three days.
‚ÄúAt the time,‚ÄĚ she told the Seoul congregation, ‚ÄúI didn‚Äôt realize that this trip would bar me from ever entering the country again.‚ÄĚ
Detained by police, she said, she could not understand why the authorities were so concerned about whether she was a Christian instead of asking about her business activities. After her release and unable to rescue her daughters, she escaped to China, where she was arrested twice and told, ‚ÄúIf we arrest you again, we will kill you.‚ÄĚ
From China Eom made a dangerous journey via Myanmar to Thailand, where she spent six months in a detention center before being granted asylum in South Korea in 2002.
‚ÄúThis is a most critical time for the North Korea human rights movement,‚ÄĚ said Scholte, head of the NKFC and president of the Defense Forum Foundation. ‚ÄúWe either advance these issues now with the opportunity that comes from a new administration and a new Congress, or we see another decade of death and despair for those whose great misfortune was to be born under the Kim Jong Il dictatorship.‚ÄĚ